Countries in the world
Today, there are 195 nations in the globe. This number includes the Holy See and the State of Palestine, two non-member observer nations, together with the 193 United Nations member states.
Not on the list
The following nations are excluded from the total of 195 countries:
- The People’s Republic of China is considered to be Taiwan’s representative by the United Nations.
- The Cook Islands and Niue, both nations in free association with New Zealand, are neither member states nor non-member observer states, although they are both recognized as having “full treaty-making capacity” and are members of a number of UN specialized organizations.
- Dependencies and regions of Special Sovereignty (or dependent territories, dependent regions, and dependent dependencies)
- Other nations that the United Nations (UN) has acknowledged as not having independent governments.
What is their location?
Of the 195 countries in the world:
- 54 countries are in Africa
- 48 in Asia
- 44 in Europe
- 33 in Latin America and the Caribbean
- 14 in Oceania
- 2 in Northern America
List of countries
The complete list of nations, listed by most populous, together with their current populations, proportions of the global population, and land area, is shown below:
Also, see the List of nations and their dependents in alphabetical order (including dependencies)
|Sr#||Country Name||Population( 2023)||World Share||Land Area(Km2)|
|88||Czech Republic (Czechia)||10,495,295||0.13%||77,240|
|91||Papua New Guinea||10,329,931||0.13%||452,860|
|95||United Arab Emirates||9,516,871||0.12%||83,600|
|115||Central African Republic||5,742,315||0.07%||622,980|
|119||State of Palestine||5,371,230||0.07%||6,020|
|134||Bosnia and Herzegovina||3,210,847||0.04%||51,000|
|150||Trinidad and Tobago||1,534,937||0.02%||5,130|
|176||Sao Tome & Principe||231,856||0%||960|
|183||St. Vincent & Grenadines||103,698||0%||390|
|184||Antigua and Barbuda||94,298||0%||440|
|187||Saint Kitts & Nevis||47,755||0%||260|
The Smallest Country in the World
Do you realize that the most compact nation on earth has the name of Vatican City? With a surface of less than half a square km as well as a total population of approximately 800 people, Vatican City is the spiritual and administrative capital of The Roman Catholic Church. It is situated within Rome, the capital city. Rome, Italy, and is protected by walls.
Vatican City was established as an independent state in 1929, following the Lateran Treaty signed between the Holy See and Italy. It is governed by its own with a pope serving as the head of state and also issues its own currency and stamps. Despite its tiny area, Vatican City has a vast cultural heritage that includes amazing art and architecture collections which draw a lot of tourists each year.
|Country||Area (sq. km)||Population|
Despite its size being small, Vatican City is not the only tiny nation that is located in the entire world. Monaco is situated within the French Riviera, and is the second-smallest, with an area of less than 2 square kilometers and a population of approximately 39,000 inhabitants. Nauru is a small island nation located in the Pacific Ocean, has an area of only 21 square kilometers with an estimated population of 11,000 people which makes it the third-smallest nation in the world.
The tiny size of these nations provides a unique opportunity for tourists to explore their traditions and way of life from a close perspective. They also pose distinct challenges for their governments, with concerns related to the sustainability of their economies and management of the environment.
Keep watching for more interesting information about nations around the world!
The Richest Country in the World
The United States of America is often referred to as the most prosperous country on earth according to the gross domestic product (GDP) which was estimated at more than $21 trillion in 2019.
The economy of the United States is highly developed and diverse and driven by sectors like technology, finance, as well as healthcare. It is home to a variety of industries, including healthcare and finance. The US hosts many of the largest and most successful multinational corporations, such as Apple, Microsoft, and Coca-Cola.
But the wealth of the nation isn’t evenly distributed, there is a large gap in wealth between the rich and poor. The most wealthy one percent of Americans are wealthier than the lower 90% of Americans which has provoked arguments about inequality in income along with economic fairness.
The US Economy in Numbers
|GDP (nominal)||$21.44 trillion (2019)|
|GDP (PPP)||$21.44 trillion (2019)|
|GDP per capita (nominal)||$65,297 (2020)|
|GDP per capita (PPP)||$65,297 (2020)|
|Unemployment rate||6.0% (March 2021)|
|Population below the poverty line||10.5% (2019)|
Despite its prosperity and economic power, however, the US is facing challenges like the rising inequality of income as well as rising healthcare costs, and a reshaping employment market.
The Poorest Country in the World
Although the world is home to numerous prosperous countries, however, there are nations struggling to live on a shoestring. The country with the lowest income on earth is the Central African Republic (CAR).
The country’s population is more than 4.9 million people and a per capita GDP of $656.89 The CAR has a lot of challenges to its economy. The country is heavily dependent on foreign aid and has a substantial portion of its population in poverty.
The CAR’s battle with the burden of poverty is further complicated by the ongoing political turmoil that has caused the country to be in the midst of economic and social chaos. The country is also at an increased risk of being insecure with regard to food, and almost two-thirds of its population unable to have access to the basic necessities of food.
Despite these issues, however, efforts are being made to assist the CAR in moving toward a future of prosperity. It has received assistance from a variety of international organizations and there have been some recent initiatives aimed at stabilizing the political system and encouraging economic growth.
It is crucial to acknowledge and address the issues that the CAR faces as well as other poor nations across the globe. In understanding the difficulties facing these nations and working to build an inclusive world community and promote equitable prosperity for all.
Knowing the totality of nations around the globe provides an understanding of global diversity, strengths in the economy as well and the challenges faced by nations. As we have explored in this article there are currently more than 195 nations, which includes new nations.
The smallest nation on earth, Vatican City, highlighted the distinctive characteristics of the sovereign state. The wealthiest nation in the world, Qatar has demonstrated its immense economic power and the difficulties that come with it. However, understanding the challenges of the poorest nation around the globe, Burundi, showed the necessity of global aid and support.
In the end, the sheer amount of nations in the world reflects the huge range of different cultures, economies, and challenges that face the world. It is essential to keep studying and supporting countries around the world, in order to create an improved future for everyone.
Q: How many countries are there in the world?
A: There are currently 195 recognized countries in the world today.
Q: What factors contribute to the formation of new nations?
A: Various factors such as political changes, territorial disputes, and cultural differences can contribute to the formation of new nations.
Q: Which country is considered the smallest in the world?
A: The smallest country in the world is Vatican City, an independent city-state surrounded by Rome, Italy.
Q: Which country is considered the richest in the world?
A: The richest country in the world is currently Luxembourg, known for its strong financial sector and high GDP per capita.
Q: Which country is considered the poorest in the world?
A: The title of the poorest country in the world is subject to change over time, but as of now, several countries in Africa, such as Burundi and South Sudan, are among the poorest.
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